Two types of graphs that can be used to display qualitative data are the bar graph and the Cake chart. A bar chart is also known as a bar chart.

We are going to create a bar chart and pie chart using the frequency distribution and the relative frequency distribution of the smartphone type.

Use the frequency distribution to create a bar graph. Use relative frequency distribution to create a pie chart.

## Display of qualitative data using a bar graph

How do I create a bar chart?

• Put the smartphone type on the horizontal axis and the frequency on the vertical axis.
• Draw a bar for each category. The bar is just a shape that looks like a rectangle.
• The height the bar is the frequency the category.

Notice that the distance between the bars is the same. Furthermore, the width of the bars is the same.

## Display qualitative data using a pie chart

How to make a pie chart

A pie chart looks like a circle. A circle is 360 degrees.

The entire pie represents either the entire sample or the population.

The number of parts corresponds to the number of categories. Since we have 4 categories, the circle consists of four parts.

Each part has a square measure. Adding the angular dimensions of the 4 parts corresponds to 360 degrees.

To find out how big a part will be, simply multiply the relative frequency of a category by 360 degrees.

For example, the Windows phone’s relative frequency is 0.2

0.2 × 360 degrees = 72 degrees

The window telephone is 72 degrees in a circle.

For Android 0.3 × 360 degrees = 108 degrees

For the iPhone, 0.375 × 360 degrees = 135 degrees.

For Amazon’s fire phone, 0.125 × 360 degrees = 45 degrees

Notice that 72 + 108 + 135 + 45 = 360

percentage

0.3 = 30%

0.2 = 20%

0.375 = 37.5%

0.125 = 12.5%