The German Research Foundation (DFG) has extended its funding for two Göttingen Collaborative Research Centers (SFB) to July 1, 2021. This means that the SFB 1073 “Atomic Scale Control of Energy Conversion” at the Faculty of Physics at the University of Göttingen is entering its third successful funding period. The SFB started in October 2013, coordinated by Professor Christian Jooß from the Institute for Materials Physics. The SFB 1286 “Quantitative Synaptology” of the University Medical Center Göttingen (UMG) was funded for a second funding period. Head of research is Professor Silvio Rizzoli, Director of the Institute for Neuro and Sensory Physiology and Head of Research at the Center for Biostructural Imaging of Neurodegeneration (BIN) at UMG. The funding amounts to around ten million euros per year over four years.

SFB 1073 Control of energy conversion on an atomic scale

The CRC Atomic Scale Control of Energy Conversion is located at the Faculties of Physics and Chemistry at the University of Göttingen and at the Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry (MPIBPC) in Göttingen. In addition, one research group from the Clausthal University of Technology, the German Electron Synchrotron (DESY) in Hamburg and the Helmholtz Center for Materials and Energy in Berlin are involved.

New materials that allow better control of energy conversion are of great importance for advanced applications in both solar cells and electrochemical energy storage. In recent years, the SFB has made a number of breakthroughs in the fundamental understanding of the elementary steps of energy conversion in these areas. The focus is on the understanding that, due to “correlated excitations”, materials can exist in a state that differs significantly from their standard equilibrium state. This refers to the stimulation of particles in a material – just like you could illuminate electrons in a solar cell – that affect their behavior to create a new state of the material in which the particles interact strongly. This new state enables the control, conversion and use of the energy for a range of applications. In our example, excited “hot” electrons can be stabilized in a solar cell, with the potential to increase their efficiency far beyond that of conventional systems.

The innovative, high-resolution and ultra-fast experimental methods developed by the SFB researchers are of outstanding importance for this research topic. “The application of these unique methods to our model systems has made a decisive contribution to the remarkable insights into the processes of energy conversion,” says Jooß. In the third funding period, which is now beginning, the scientists want to develop a new strategy for the comprehensive control of energy conversion in materials through correlated suggestions and to find out how this can be transferred to applications.

Further information can be found at https: //www.uni-göttingen.de /de /437142.html

SFB 1286 Quantitative Synaptology

The aim of the SFB 1286 Quantitative Synaptology is to describe presynaptic and postsynaptic processes so precisely that a computer-aided simulation of a functional, virtual synapse is made possible. In the future, the computer-aided simulation of synapses could help to better understand neurological and neurodegenerative diseases and possibly their healing mechanisms.

In the first funding phase, the scientists of the SFB 1286 collected as much structural and functional data as possible for an “ideal” model synapse. To do this, they researched the molecular composition of synapses during their resting and active phases, the exact position of synaptic organelles and proteins as well as their number, post-translational changes and interactions. In the second funding phase, these data can now be refined through further experimental work in the laboratory. At the same time, new projects in the field of computational neuroscience complement the SFB, which greatly strengthens the computational aspects. These now deal with several questions about synaptic transmission, from protein movement and nanoscale organization to long-term dynamics and plasticity. “The results of these projects will optimally position us to establish models of synaptic function in the third funding period,” says Rizzoli. “Our work will then reach its peak in the third funding period. In this final phase, we want to focus on the computer modeling, ”says Rizzoli.

Scientists from 27 research groups from fields as diverse as neuroscience, physics, chemistry and medical statistics on the Göttingen Campus work together in 26 individual projects. Researchers from eight institutes and clinics of the UMG, four institutes of the university, the Max Planck Institutes for Biophysical Chemistry, for Experimental Medicine and for Dynamics and Self-Organization as well as the German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (DZNE – Göttingen site) will be involved. The following are also involved: the Institute for Medical Systems Biology at the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf (UKE), the Max Planck Institute for Medical Research (MPI MF) in Heidelberg, the German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (DZNE-B.) – Berlin location) and the Leibniz Research Institute for Molecular Pharmacology (FMP) in Berlin.

Further information can be found at https: //www.sfb1286.de /? long =de

###

Contact:

Professor Christian Jooss

University of Göttingen

Faculty of Physics – Institute of Materials Physics

Friedrich-Hund-Platz 1, 37077 Göttingen, Germany

Tel: +49 (0) 551 39-5303

E-mail: [email protected]

Professor Silvio Rizzoli

University Medical Center Göttingen (UMG)

Institute for Neuro- and Sensory Physiology

Humboldtallee 23, 37073 Göttingen, Germany

Tel: +49 (0) 551 39-5912

E-mail: [email protected]

http: // www.neurophysiol.med.uni-göttingen.de /WordPress /

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here